Pobitora is popularly known as ‘miniature Kaziranga’ for its highest density of one horned rhino in Assam. It is situated in the flood plains of River Brahmaputra in the district of Morigaon and 45 kms from Guwahati. Once the grazing reserve of erstwhile Nagaon district, Pobitora came into limelight during 1961-62 for the presence of one horned rhino (Rhinoceros Unicornis).
In the year 1987 comprising the area of Pobitora Resrve Forest, Rajamayong Hill Reserved Forest and few adjoining Government Khas land, a total area of 38.81 sq.km was declared as Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary.
Pobitora, especially a protected area has become an important sanctuary for its Rhino conservation with a dozen population of one horned rhino in assam in the year 1971. The number was increased to 84 in 2009 census and now crossed over 100 unoficially. As the 16 sq.km area of this sanctuary has been found suitable, the one horned rhinos prefer to confined within this area only and that is the highest density in a particular area.
Besides one horned rhino, the protected area is a paradise for both resident and migratory birds at Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary. This area is also identified as an important Bird Areas in the country by Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS). The presence of migratory water fowl during winter is quite significant in Pobitora.